Robert D. Lamb is a visiting research professor at the U.S. Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), a nonresident senior fellow (and former director of the Program on Crisis, Conflict, and Cooperation) at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and a nonresident research associate at the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM). A former Defense Department strategist, Dr. Lamb studies governance, international development, and conflict with an emphasis on complex crises, informal processes, and hybrid political and economic systems. His research has included the effectiveness of civilian assistance, private-sector development, and stabilization programs in complex environments; gang governance, violence, and legitimacy in the stateless slums of Medellín, Colombia; and subnational governance and stability in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Dr. Lamb owns a private consultancy (RD Lamb LLC) and is an adviser to a sustainable investment firm (Cornerstone Capital). He earned a Ph.D. in policy studies from the University of Maryland School of Public Policy in a program combining security, economics, and ethics. He received a B.A. from Gettysburg College, evaluated microdevelopment projects in Nicaragua, covered business and finance as a journalist, and won a 2001 National Press Club award before changing careers after 9/11. He tweets as @robertdalelamb.